Thoughts of thoughts of others, indirection.
Unyielding synonyms
fixed, castigating flux.
Unnerving as exampless
Simplicities of indemnity’s
Crude relapse into decomplex ambiguity
And recalcitrantly conceived mystery of
What’s meant by Meaning of meaning’s
triad rebent.

{ [Wiki:] Oratio obliqua

(or indirect speech) is a topic in modern philosophy, considered to be a variety of the wider topic of metarepresentation. In recent years it has been made prominent by the works especially of the French philosopher François Recanati.[1]

[1] De Brabanter, Philippe (2013). “François Recanati’s radical pragmatic theory of

quotation”. Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 32 (2):109-128. (Contains further bibliography.) }


De Brabanter, Philippe (2010). “The Semantics and Pragmatics of Hybrid Quotations”. Wiley Online Library.

Künne, Wolfgang (2015). “Frege on That-Clauses” In: Weiss, Bernhard (ed.) Dummett on Analytical Philosophy, pp. 135–173.

Ludwig, Kirk. Review: François Recanati’s “Oratio Obliqua, Oratio Recta: An Essay on Metarepresentation”. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, Vol. 66, No. 2 (Mar., 2003), pp. 481–488. (Also on JSTOR.)

Prior, A. N.; Kenny, A. (1963). “Oratio Obliqua”. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume, Volume 37, Issue 1, 14 July 1963, pp. 115–146.

Recanati, François (2000). Oratio Obliqua, Oratio Recta: An Essay on Metarepresentation. MIT Press.

Recanati, François (2003). “Oratio Obliqua, Oratio Recta: An Essay on

Metarepresentation”. Philosophical Review 111(3), January 2003. (A summary of Recanati’s book.)

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